National Education Policy 2020 to boost online learning
Online learning in Indian education is about to receive a major boost with the (National Education Policy)NEP 2020.
This policy has replaced the national education policy of 1986. The major changes suggested under this education policy are as follows:
• No other activity for Indian teachers: The teachers will be deployed for teaching only and no other service such as elections. The responsibility for the quality of education lies with teachers. There will be 1 teacher for every 30 students in school. However, the teacher-student ratio is not so favourable in Delhi. There is a single teacher for every 35 students. In Bihar, the situation is even worse where there are 32 students for every single teacher. Apart from public schools, the government will also improve the situation in private schools because there are 40-50 students in every class and a single teacher is catering to them.
• More schools by the affluent: Government plans to open more schools through rich people. Apart from that, it wants to delegate auditors for supervising such schools. The government will approve the schools set by such affluent people. The government will make sure that rich people just act as benefactors of such schools.
• Regional language education: Students till the 5th grade will be taught in the regional language.
• Higher investment of GDP: There will be a higher investment in education by the government. The central government and the state governments could increase the investment in the education sector to 6% of GDP.
• Build up online learning: As far as digital education is concerned, there will be efforts to strengthen the same. This implies that the National Education Technology Forum will be established.
• Elearning platforms like Swayam will be extended: The Swayam portal has courses for students in different fields such as Architecture and Planning, Education, Engineering and Technology, Humanities and Arts and Law etc. This portal contains content on subjects in courses taught from class 9th to the level of post-graduation. So, any student in these classes can log on to this portal and view video lectures on the subject of his choice. They don’t have to pay any kind of fees for accessing the course. Apart from that, they can also access the quizzes hosted on this portal. There is also an online discussion forum where students can get their doubts cleared.
For getting a certificate from this portal, the students will have to appear in person at the specified centres for appearing in exams. The UGC has already granted the credit framework for online learning courses through Swayam. Under this, the universities have to recognize those courses where they can grant credit to students for courses they have done through this portal.
To monitor the quality of content on this MOOC portal, 9 organisations have been delegated. These organizations include AICTE, IGNOU, NCERT, IIMB, UGC etc. Students can pursue courses of different durations of 4,6,8,12,15,16 and 24 weeks from this MOOC portal.
•Teachers will be trained to use these platforms.
•Virtual labs will be established.
This is how National Education policy will have an impact on students.