instructional designing

What learning theories are important for instructional designing?

Instructional designing as an industry has boomed up.

But there are problems involved when the module is not designed as per the requirements of the target audience. So for any booming instructional designer, it’s important to understand that he can gain knowledge about such principles to improve the quality of his work.

Any instructional designer should follow the following practices. They can make sure he gets the best out of his eLearning design. Experts might know the subject matter but they might not know how to make students learn through their material. So, apart from following the below-listed practices, they can also combine their business objectives and what students/learners require. Then they can come up with some solid eLearning matter.

Behaviourism

This theory has the presumption that human behavior starts repeating itself after some time under the influence of its external environment. So they can be taught to repeat some practices by making them do them again.

This theory has some loopholes like what is the thought process of a student i.e. what he thinks of the knowledge given to him. This theory assumes what are the requirements of students, so, it gives students evidence of some knowledge, and makes them retain it.

This theory is all about skill formation.

Cognitivism

This theory makes sure that the users can understand what is taught to them. This way, this theory focuses on students learning methods. Therefore, this theory focuses on critical thinking and idea development. This theory tries to go into depth into the perspective of a student and how he absorbs the information.

The theory focuses on why the learners’ ways of working are changing and how their thinking is influencing it.

But, this does not mean that instructional designers should ignore behaviorism. The instructional designers can only choose the right theory when the following factors are considered:

  1. Make sure that you know the learning techniques that are used by students. The students use techniques to link data given to them with what they already know. These kinds of techniques are important when you have to decide how the information should be presented to them.
  2. Make sure that the attributes of a student are positive to his understanding of the information. These factors may not be favorable to his cognitive abilities, i.e. how much he comprehends the information.

Constructivism

This is an important theory that says that students gain knowledge because of what they experience and believe in. So, students are important in this learning theory also. The students gain knowledge depending on what is taught to them and on what they encounter. This means you can’t just make students learn by telling them something, they need some experience also.

So, based on these learning theories the instructional designers can come up with some excellent eLearning material.

 

 

 

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He was a German psychologist who is known for discovering the forgetting curve. According to this curve, the biggest decline in memory happens within 20 minutes, and then 1 hour.