Learning is the process of obtaining new, or reconstructing existing, knowledge, behavior, skills, values, or preferences as defined in Wikipedia. When it is done through an electronic media with the help of analytical principles and educational technology, it constitutes e-learning. There is no single evolutionary tree or agreed definition of e-learning in the history of e-learning. Since the 1960s, e-learning has evolved in varied forms in business, training, education and military forces. At present, it is construed differently in contrasting sectors. In the education sector, ‘e-learning’ points out to the use of both software-based and online learning, although in business, higher-Education, training and armed forces, it is a range of on-line practices as per Campbell, 2004.
As per Sun Tzu, e-learning transversely can be concluded as: in the last 40 years, educationists and trainers at all levels of business, training, education and the defense services used computers in various manner to assist and strengthen learning and teaching. Charp and Molnar said the modern utilization of the word ‘e-learning’ has different definitions in different conditions (referred by Campbell). Business, training and higher education learning is particularly associated with Internet-based pliable delivery of content and programs. E-learning in business and training can be distinguished by idea of better productivity and cost cutting in a continuously globalized business atmosphere. The focus remains on online course management as well as content delivery.
Before the progression of computer and internet, education & training without an instructor was unavailable. Distance learning was the only alternative accessible to learners based in distant areas. In 20th century, approach of e-learning began through multimedia for distant teaching. It used broadcasts, telephone, audiences, videotapes and radio. This auditory teaching mode subsequently drifted to video communication. The first modifying teaching system was developed at this time for the companies by the name of SAKI. After a lot of advancement in these teaching techniques and technology, the first ever Learning Management System (LMS) was developed with the name EKKO by Norway’s NKI Distance Education Network in 1991. Therefore, it can be appraised that the concept of distance learning brought about the hypothesis and actual application of LMS in real world.
Actualization of LMS gave platform for teaching through the internet. In simple words, LMS refers to a software application to aid the gap between training and learning by the usage of reporting and data analytics. In current time, LMSs are considerably centralized in corporate sector. It is needed in development, delivery, documentation, tracking, administration and reporting of e-courses and training programs. It is the foundation of essentially all e-learning endeavors.